Windows 10 Vagrant Virtualbox with Docker Setup

I am using Windows 10. The problem once you had enable the Hype-V for Docker installation. You can’t use virtualbox for other images. It will prompt out error message if you run any images.

So I come out the solution.

  1. Install Vagrant
  2. Use Vagrant Ubuntu 16.04 Image (bento/ubuntu – which allow access vagrant via SSH)
  3. After installed ubuntu, then  I install docker. (https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-install-and-use-docker-on-ubuntu-16-04)

I had reference the bridge network from virtualbox to docker and my host machine able to access to docker

https://coderwall.com/p/2rpbba/docker-create-a-bridge-and-shared-network

I share my windows folder with vagrant ubuntu image via below line:

config.vm.synced_folder "C:/www", "/vagrant_data"

Below is my Vagrantfile:-

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# All Vagrant configuration is done below. The "2" in Vagrant.configure
# configures the configuration version (we support older styles for
# backwards compatibility). Please don't change it unless you know what
# you're doing.
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  # The most common configuration options are documented and commented below.
  # For a complete reference, please see the online documentation at
  # https://docs.vagrantup.com.

  # Every Vagrant development environment requires a box. You can search for
  # boxes at https://atlas.hashicorp.com/search.
  config.vm.box = "bento/ubuntu-16.04"

  # Disable automatic box update checking. If you disable this, then
  # boxes will only be checked for updates when the user runs
  # `vagrant box outdated`. This is not recommended.
  # config.vm.box_check_update = false

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine. In the example below,
  # accessing "localhost:8080" will access port 80 on the guest machine.
  # NOTE: This will enable public access to the opened port
  # config.vm.network "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine and only allow access
  # via 127.0.0.1 to disable public access
  # config.vm.network "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080, host_ip: "127.0.0.1"

  # Create a private network, which allows host-only access to the machine
  # using a specific IP.
  config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.33.10"

  # Create a public network, which generally matched to bridged network.
  # Bridged networks make the machine appear as another physical device on
  # your network.
  # config.vm.network "public_network"

  # Share an additional folder to the guest VM. The first argument is
  # the path on the host to the actual folder. The second argument is
  # the path on the guest to mount the folder. And the optional third
  # argument is a set of non-required options.
   config.vm.synced_folder "C:/www", "/vagrant_data"

  # Provider-specific configuration so you can fine-tune various
  # backing providers for Vagrant. These expose provider-specific options.
  # Example for VirtualBox:
  #
   config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
  #   # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine
  #   vb.gui = true
  #
  #   # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:
    vb.memory = "1024"
     
     
    # Change the network adapter type and promiscuous mode
    vb.customize ['modifyvm', :id, '--nictype1', 'Am79C973']
    vb.customize ['modifyvm', :id, '--nicpromisc1', 'allow-all']
    vb.customize ['modifyvm', :id, '--nictype2', 'Am79C973']
    vb.customize ['modifyvm', :id, '--nicpromisc2', 'allow-all']
   end
  #
  # View the documentation for the provider you are using for more
  # information on available options.

  # Define a Vagrant Push strategy for pushing to Atlas. Other push strategies
  # such as FTP and Heroku are also available. See the documentation at
  # https://docs.vagrantup.com/v2/push/atlas.html for more information.
  # config.push.define "atlas" do |push|
  #   push.app = "YOUR_ATLAS_USERNAME/YOUR_APPLICATION_NAME"
  # end

  # Enable provisioning with a shell script. Additional provisioners such as
  # Puppet, Chef, Ansible, Salt, and Docker are also available. Please see the
  # documentation for more information about their specific syntax and use.
   config.vm.provision "shell", inline: <<-SHELL
     apt-get update
     apt-get install -y bridge-utils
   SHELL
end

After update my Vagrantfile, I need to run

vagrant provission && vagrant reload to update the vagrant image.

After that SSH into the vagrant image.

Creating a bridge docker1 and shared network shared_nw

# Log in to the VM
$ vagrant ssh

# Run ifconfig to check your adaptor name, normally eth0
$ ifconfig

# Delete the IP address from eth1
$ sudo ip addr del 192.168.33.10/24 dev enp0s8

# Create "shared_nw" with a bridge name "docker1"
$ sudo docker network create \
    --driver bridge \
    --subnet=192.168.33.0/24 \
    --gateway=192.168.33.10 \
    --opt "com.docker.network.bridge.name"="docker1" \
    shared_nw

# Add docker1 to eth1/enp0s8
$ sudo brctl addif docker1 enp0s8

 

Next I can run docker image attached with the new IP Address. I run with an image which is running in php 5.4 with apache.

Then I run with -v volume parameter match /vagrant_data/ with /var/www/html

docker run --rm -it -v /vagrant_data/:/var/www/html --net shared_nw --ip 192.168.33.11 php54apache

via bash access

docker run --rm -it -v /vagrant_data/:/var/www/html --net shared_nw --ip 192.168.33.11 php54apachemysqldev /bin/bash

When I go to my Windows Browser – I enter http://192.168.33.11 tata~ I able to see 403 Forbidden error means it is working fine.

Next what you need to do is allow docker read from your host apache file.

You can follow the stackoverflow solution: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/31480556/edit-apache-configuration-in-docker

Thanks for reading, I hope this can help you have better environment for your coding setup

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